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READING NARRATIVE

The good step mother

The old witch locked Hansel in a cage and set Gretel to clean the house. She planned to eat them both. Each night the children cried and begged the witch to let them go.

Meanwhile, at home, their step mother was beginning to wish she had never tried to get rid of the children. “I must find them,” she said and set off into the forest.

Many hours later, when her feet were tired from walking and her lips were dry from thirst, she came to the cottage belonging to the witch. The stepmother peeped through the window. Her heart cried out when she saw the two children.

She picked up the broom learning against the door and crept inside. The witch was putting some stew in the oven when the stepmother gave her an almighty push. The witch fell into the oven and the stepmother shut the door.

“Children, I have come to save you,” she said, hugging them tightly. “I have done a dreadful thing. I hope in time you will forgive me. Let me take you home and become a family again.” They returned to their home and the stepmother became the best mother anyone could wish to have, and of course they lived happily ever after!

Source     : UjianNasional 2006/ 2007

 

SNOW WHITE

Once upon a time, there lived beautiful princess, Snow White. Her stepmother was jealous of her beauty. She plotted to kill Snow White. She ordered huntsman to kill Snow White and bring back her heart to prove that she was dead.

The huntsman did not want to kill Snow White. “Beware of your stepmother, she wants to kill you. So run away into the forest.” He left her in the forest. The huntsman killed a small deer and took its heart back to the queen.

Snow White ran as far as she could until she came to a small cottage in the forest. She knocked the door, went inside and saw that everything was so small. Besides, there was seven of everything: seven dirty cups, plates, knives, forks, messy beds, and chairs. She dusted the house and got so tired that she fell asleep.

At night, seven dwarfs returned from work. They were surprised; their home was clean. They crept into the bedroom, and saw Snow White. Snow White woke up. “How did you find this place?” They asked. Snow White told her story. “You must stay here with us,” they said. Snow White was very happy and the dwarfs were delighted to look after her.

Adapted from: www.shemrock.com

 

SOCIAL FUNCTION

  • To amuse or entertain and deal with actual or vicarious experiences in different ways
  • Narrative deals with  problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning point of some kind which in turn finds resolution
GENERIC STRUCTURE
  1. Orientation: set the scene and introduces the participants
  2. Evaluation: a stepping back to evaluate the plight
  3. Complication: a crisis arises/problems
  4. Resolution: ways to overcome the problem
  5. Re-orientation (optional)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features

  • Focus on specific and usually individualized participants
  • Use material processes; behavioral and verbal process
  • Use relational processes and mental processes
  • Use temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances
  • Use Simple Past Tense