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Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysis

2.      Generic Structure of Report

1.      General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general

2.      Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials

3.      Language Feature of Report

•         Introducing group or general aspect

•         Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc

•         Using simple present tense



Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like duckbill. Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia.

Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45 cm and covered with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting prey and stirring up mud. Platypus’ eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has ability to sense sound and light.

Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig burrows in the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to protect it from intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus does not need any burrow to stay.


Analyzing on the Text

Generic Structure analysis

General classification; stating general classification, the animal of platypus.

Description; describing in detail characterization of platypus’ body and habitual life

Language Feature Analysis

Focusing in group; the animal of platypus

conditional, logical connective; but, in the other hand

Simple present tense pattern; Platypus lives in streams, male platypus does not need any burrow, etc


What is thunder and lightning?

Lightning is a sudden, violent flash of electricity between a cloud and the ground, or from cloud to cloud. A lightning flash, or bolt, can be several miles long. It is so hot, with an average temperature of 34.000 degree Centigrade that the air around it suddenly expands with a loud blast. This is the thunder we hear.
Lightning occurs in hot, wet storms. Moist air is driven up to a great height. It forms a type of cloud called cumulo-nimbus. When the cloud raises high enough the moisture freezes and ice crystals and snowflakes are formed. These begin to fall, turning to rain on the way down. This rain meets more moist air rising, and it is the friction between them which produces static electricity. When a cloud is fully charged with this electricity, it discharges it as a lightning flash.

(Taken from Bahasa Inggris, Materi PTBK Buku 2)


Marriage in Lombok

Young Sasak couples have a choice of different ways of getting married. The first is an arranged marriage. The parents of the man arrange that he will marry a particular girl. Another way is to marry a cousin. Both of these ways are simple and easy. The parents discuss the bride’s dowry (mas kawin). When all the arrangements are finished, the ceremony, sorong serah, is performed.
The next method is more difficult and dramatic. In this method the man runs away with the girl of his choice to another village. He then reports his action to the head of that village (Kepala Desa). He is punished for his wrong action and has to wear a piece of black cotton around his arm. Finally his family has to pay a price to the bride’s family as compensation (ganti rugi).
One advantage of the last method is that there is no wedding ceremony. Wedding ceremonies, as we know, are very expensive.

(Taken from English for Communication SMP 3)