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Kinds of English Grammar

Active Voice
In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action

(eg They killed the President). See also Passive Voice.

Adjective
A word like big, red, easy, French etc. An adjective describes a noun or pronoun

Adverb
A word like slowly, quietly, well, often etc. An adverb modifies a verb.

Article
The “indefinite” articles are a and an. The “definite article” is the.

Auxiliary Verb
A verb that is used with a main verb. Be, do and have are auxiliary verbs.

Can, may, must etc are modal auxiliary verbs.

Clause
A group of words containing a subject and its verb

(for example: It was late when he arrived).

Conjunction
A word used to connect words, phrases and clauses

(for example: and, but, if).

Infinitive
The basic form of a verb as in to work or work.

Interjection
An exclamation inserted into an utterance without grammatical

connection (for example: oh!, ah!, ouch!, well!).

Modal Verb
An auxiliary verb like can, may, must etc that modifies the main verb

and expresses possibility, probability etc. It is also called

“modal auxiliary verb”.